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Principles of treatment for diseases are:

1. To reduce the effect of the diseases.

2. To kill the cause of the disease i.e. to kill the microbes like bacteria, fungi, protozoa.

Principles of prevention are :

(a) General ways: It relates to preventing exposure to the microbes, which can be done in the following ways:

● For avoiding air borne infections- Avoid public spaces, cover your nose while coughing sneezing.

● For water borne infection- drink safe and filtered water.

● For vector borne diseases- keep the surroundings clean, cover your food and water. Do not allow stagnant water to form.

● Self immunity- exercise regularly to keep your immune system up

(b) Specific Ways : by giving vaccines, regular checkups and medications.

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